عنوان مقاله [English]
Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), with their professional and non-political nature, play a fundamental role in promoting sustainable development and supporting the legal demands of citizens. These organizations have been praised for supplying innovative and people-oriented approaches to providing services, support, and empowerment; but in Iranian society, these organizations are in a state of disarray in such a way that they face many challenges in the way of establishment, supervision, financing, and liquidation, which will lead to the weakening of the public sphere. Getting rid of the existing reality and moving towards the desired situation requires the application of standards that can bring positive consequences for nongovernmental organizations. The current research aims to investigate the components of enhancement concerning non-governmental organizations in the laws and regulations of three countries of Iran, Armenia, and Canada. In terms of its descriptive purpose and research method, the current research will be in the form of collecting information through library study and collecting awards and valid legal documents, as well as reviewing and analyzing the content of these documents. The findings of the research show that Armenia has adopted comprehensive laws and regulations to support the activities of non-governmental organizations and has prepared official structures and committees to attend and consult with civil organizations. In addition, by using physical and virtual tools and official processes, it has provided capacities for the participation of NGOs. In Canada, there is no independent law regarding nonprofit organizations and these organizations operate according to the "Non-profit Organizations and Corporations Act". Iran continues to suffer from the lack of a comprehensive law for the activities of non-governmental organizations and there are no strong specific structures to attract the participation of these organizations.