عنوان مقاله [English]
The Freedoms enshrined in the Constitution are such importance for the citizens that any restrictions on them are prohibited absolutely. One of the most important restrictions on personal freedoms, is curfew that in most dictatorships and military who have seized power through a coup and undemocratic ways is applied to suppress on the individual freedom. This matter is expressly prohibited in Iranian constitution and in the new constitution of Arabic Republic of Egypt, it rejected due to the concept of Article 154 and only allowed the state emergency restrictions. Because both countries, have bitter experience of martial law to suppress freedoms in their previous regimes. But the essential constraints in the Iranian constitution and the state emergency restrictions in the Arabic Republic of Egypt not prohibited and are permitted under special procedures. In Iran, it would form the government for temporary and to thirty days with the permission of the Parliament are permitted and renewal is depends on the approval of Parliament. In Egypt, the state emergency restrictions declared by the President with Citing to legal reasons and consultation with the Council of Ministers and approval of the House of Representatives and allowed up to three months. Extended this time also is depends on the approval of the House of Representatives. In this paper by a comparative perspective, we Seek mentioned issues by looking at the course of the pre-revolutionary laws and their views on issues of military rule between Iran and Egypt.